Listen First, then Solve
David Matero Architecture, a small, yet diverse full-service architectural firm, begins each project by listening to the Client. After all, it is their project. (It has been noted that David is better at listening to his clients than to his wife). Listening and appropriately responding has rewarded DM/A with an interesting and varied portfolio. With well over 20 years of experience in a variety of projects from New York to Maine, DM/A enjoys the challenges of both commercial and residential architecture and often discovers that these genres can overlap to help solve design issues. As one reviews the DM/A portfolio they might have difficulty finding a style. As different as clients are, so too should be their buildings. At DM/A we strive to design a building that is a reflection of the client, environmentally appropriate, and good design. We believe that a well thought-out and common sense approach to a design project can create beautiful architecture.Although full architectural services is what we like to provide, DM/A is good at adapting to the services that are appropriate for our clients. Appropriate services might be a contract by the hour, or a percentage of the construction project, or somewhere in between. We’ve even been known to provide emergency architectural services when clients realize, almost too late, that hiring an architect is a good thing.
The Design Process
Our design process can be broken down into six phases that often overlap and are combined, depending on the complexity of the project and whether it is a residential or commercial project. However, almost all projects include all these phases of design and construction in some form or another:
Discussions with the owner to review goals, needs and requirement are critical to establishing the scope of work. It is our job to ask questions to get a clear understanding of the ultimate goals of the client. If as-built drawings are not available, field measurements are taken to produce a set of existing conditions that will be used as a base for design discussions.
Existing conditions, at a minimum, include a lot plan, floor plans, building elevations, and building sections. If the project will be a new-build, then a lot plan and an understanding of the site constraints and zoning are critical.
Schematic Design (SD)
Realizing that a well-thought-out building is a collection of complex elements, preliminary concepts are established that begin to set forth the major elements of the project. Preliminary plans, hand-drawn sketches, computer renderings, and/or models are just some of the media that DM/A will use to present concepts to the client. SD is also the stage where a preliminary code review is researched to identify zoning requirements or jurisdictional restrictions.The SD stage establishes the general scope of work, spatial relationships, scale and form and involves the Client to review. It is important that at every stage the Client is engaged in the design process as we feel that the Client is part of the design team.
Design Development (DD)
Based on the approved SD package, DD takes the design to more detail as we concentrate on hardline drawings using CAD. Depending on the complexity of the project, components of the building such as the structural and mechanical system are established. At the end of this phase, a design has been sufficiently developed and documented to begin cost estimate discussions with one or more selected contractor. Drawings will include floor plans with dimensions, elevations, building sections and major details. An outline specification might be part of this scope to gain a better understanding of the design in words.
Construction Documents (CD)
Based on the approved DD and any adjustment during discussions, detailed drawings and specifications will be necessary for pricing, code, and construction. Drawings may include:
- Site Plan
- Landscape Plan
- Code Review and Analysis
- Dimensioned floor plans and roof plan
- Building sections
- Building elevations
- Detailed wall sections and details
- Interior elevations
- Interior details and schedules (door, window, finish schedule, etc)
- Millwork details
- Reflected ceiling and electrical plan, lighting plan, lighting details and lighting schedule
- Interior design (includes assistance with choosing plumbing fixtures, appliances, floor and wall coverings, and colors)
- Structural drawings (foundation, framing plans and details)
- Mechanical, electrical and plumbing (typically provided by MEP engineers)
- Outline specifications
Very often a phase for our commercial projects, during the bidding process, DM/A will answer questions from bidders through the addenda process. Once bids have been submitted, DM/A will analyze the bids and make notes and recommendations to the Client. In all projects, DM/A will assist the Client with negotiations with their selected contractor.
During construction, DM/A can serve as a representative of the Client. DM/A will visit the site, along with the client and/or contractor, on a weekly biweekly/monthly basis to remain generally familiar with, and to keep the Client informed about progress and also review the quality of the ongoing work to determine if it is in accordance with the Construction Documents. At the end of construction a punch list will be assembled that will outline the final items necessary to complete construction and for release of final payment.